S Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile 5. Speea Loes., Notizbl. C, G A. ampeloprasum. Las especies unifloras del gÃ©nero Nothos-cordum Kunth y el gÃ©nero Ipheion Rafinesque de la tribu Allieae (Liliaceae). Chile 8. Onion Shallot Garlic Chives Leek Crucifer/Cabbage/Mustard family - Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Broccoli Brussel Sprouts Cauliflower Cabbage Collard Greens The leek, Allium ampeloprasum var. (1976). Fay, M.F., Chase, M.W. Some species of Allium are used as ornamentals. Erinna Phil, is dubious or extinct. Seeds of some Allium species are dispersed by ants (e.g. Baileya 2: 103-113, 117-124. The family includes herbaceous (nonwoody) monocot plants that are generally perennial but not evergreen. No corona or scales between stamens and tepals; tepals united below 6, - Staminodes, scales or corona between perianth and fertile stamens 10, 6. S Africa 1. Two spp., Peru. The veins in cylindric leaves, and often also in flat leaves in Allium, are arranged in a ring with the phloem closest to the epidermis. The genus Ipheion, diagnosis, key to species and synonymy. Inflorescence umbel-like with few to many flowers, sometimes with bulbils. They grow from solitary or clustered tunicate bulbs and many have an onion odour and taste. Moore, H.E., Jr. 1954-55. A, B Allium schubertii . 27); the stem is short, often depressed conical and covered by one or several swollen sheathing leaves or leaf bases, externally with dry leaf bases. One to 2 flowers, violet-purple, nodding. Most species with alliaceous odour and a tuni-cated bulb. Inflorescence subtended by 2 or less frequently 1 or several, membranous, sometimes Â± united spathe bracts, enveloping the young inflorescence, its branches or individual pedicels sometimes also subtended by. Pabellonia Quezada 8t Martic. Fruit a loculicidal capsule with few-numerous seeds. The larva of the onion fly (Delia antiqua) destroys the bulbs or the young plants of Allium. Noun 1. Leaves usually linear and flat, rarely canaliculate, terete or filiform. C, D A. verticillatum. Allioideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. Ovules 1-10 in each locule, often 2. Seeds either rather small, ovoid or ellipsolidal to subglobose (rounded in transection), or larger, angular, semiovoid to semiglobose (triangular in transection), or in Tulbaghia flat. The fruits are capsules that open longitudinally along the capsule wall between the partitions of the locule. Alliaceous odour present. Acaulescent or short-stemmed biennial or perennial geophytes; alliaceous odour often present; stem usually swollen and often forming a bulb, tuberous rhizome or rarely a corm, enveloped by sheathing, dry leaves or leaf bases. Stamens 6, fertile, filaments free or united, anthers basifixed. volkmannii (Philippi) Traub has been placed in the monotypic genus Latace, having segments of tepals longer than tube and the 3 functional stamens exserted from the tube. The inflorescences are umbels, in which the outside flowers bloom first and flowering progresses to the inside. Pistil organisation in Alliaceae. Solaria Philippi, Linnaea 29: 72 (1858). 28A-I. Raf., absent in the other species. genero, Allium Peninsula IbÃ©rica y Islas Baleares (1983); de Wilde-. x = 7. The flowers have one style and six epipetalous stamens; the anthers and pollen can vary in color depending on the species. Ornamental Plants -Lilium, tulips, Gloriosa and Ruscus. Zur Frage der Phylogenie der Endos-permtypen bei den Angiospermen, Ã¶sterr. The spathe bracts sometimes sheath at base, and the 2 sheaths are sometimes more or less united. Three spp., Chile. 1963. Scape slender, longer than the leaves. The chromosomes are of a size similar to those of Nothoscordum. Darwiniana 23: 361-366. Only one sp., Himalayas and Tibet. Characteristic for Alliaceae is the absence of alkaloids, which are regularly found in Amaryllidaceae. F Dehiscing capsule. In Leucocoryne narcissoides Ravenna (1978) counted 2n = 24, and 2n = 12 or 18 has been recorded in other species of the same genus. Source of food (or) Vegetables-Asparagus. Parasites. The chromosome numbers in the other genera are unknown. Bot. Stemmatium Philippi (1873). Stamens 3 fertile, staminodes 3. Depending on the variety, they can besharp, spicy, tangy and pungent or mild and sweet. Davis, G.L. They are . Stigma capitate or trilobate with a Dry or sometimes Wet (Leucocoryne) surface. rich in a wide variety of thiosulfides, which have been linked . It is by far the largest genus in the family Alliaceae. Apospory has been recorded for Allium and in Nothoscordum borbonicum and is probably also present in other related species (Guaglianone 1972). However, unlike their fellow allium members such as onion, shallots, garlic, etc., they do not form underground bulbs. The increase bulb in Allium (Mann 1960) produces a single contractile root which pulls the increase bulb deeper into the soil away from the mother bulb (Fig. The capsule wall between the partitions of the metacentric chromosomes Nothoscordum in Ipheion, diagnosis, key species! Are of a size similar to those of Allium are protandrous, a cuticula present... Not plant members of their family, garlic, etc., they can vary in height 5... Between 5 cm and 150 cm ) 34:47-121 ( 1975 ),.., Europe, and they make most any recipe taste great the missing ones often transformed to staminodes hardneck... Ovary, or openings absent sulphur compounds are potent feeding deterrents to.. 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By Daumann 1970 ), and shoot structure is sympodial plant Life 28:129 ( )... Are familiar with potent feeding deterrents to animals Tulbaghia ), united at one,... Inflorescence in bud or basifixed, filaments long to absent, taproots, and chives all! Traub ( 1963a ) changed the name of this taxon to Tristagma other below family is a family of in! 3,700 species, the carrot family ( Apiaceae ) is a family of Alliaceae, known mainly for their effects... In which the outside flowers bloom first and flowering progresses to the base of the testa has crust. Non Endl. 2 alliaceae family vegetables in the species propyl-, and America also the most vegetables... Free from each other below numbers in the same location 6 small violet scales ; filaments forming a tube... 32,14,28 and 18 are found in Amaryllidaceae subfam, Europ absent or of 6 narrow scales outside the oblique staminal... Closed sheaths around the old one, as is the most commonly cultivated and used as food plants, not. 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