During the propagation process, you remove a 1” wide section of the outer layers of a plant stem (bark, cambium layer, and phloem) in a process known as girdling. Cuttings can create a whole new plant without having to wait for seeds to germinate. Wrap that node and the cut in the damp sphagnum moss and secure the moss with string or a twist tie. It’s okay if there are already roots nearby. To improve the chances of growing successfully, top off the moss with a light mulch. Success was dependent upon the ability of the propagator to keep the rooting medium moist until the roots were formed and large enough to support the new plant. The moss is carefully hand picked to get optimal quality and the desired length. When Only the Best Quality Sphagnum Moss Will Do One Mile Moss produces high quality Sphagnum Moss from a well managed swamp just outside of Hokitika on the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island. Excess water can cause deterioration and decay of plant tissues. When roots appear, cut stem several inches below original cut and pot it in a new container. Some plants are easy to propagate by taking a cutting from the existing plant and forcing the roots to sprout from the cutting. Wrap wire twists at top and bottom. For optimum results, select branches that are the size of a pencil or larger. Soak sphagnum moss in water for several hours before propagating to ensure complete saturation. Procedure. The procedure was to wound the stem or branch of a plant and enclose the wounded stem with moist sphagnum moss or similar rooting medium until roots develop from the wounded area. It doesn't need fertilizer or much water to grow and it's great for water filtration and erosion control. Learning how to propagate moss is actually quite easy. Ideally, you should sow one square foot of sphagnum moss for every 10 feet of soil. Then find a node right below the stem you’ll eventually want to propagate and make a small incision with a clean, sharp knife or pruning shears. The mother plant will eventually sprout new growth on its now bare stem. Then, you apply a rooting hormone to the area to stimulate root growth from the cut area and wrap the area in sphagnum peat moss to retain moisture. The moss should be moist like a damp sponge. Let’s learn more about moss propagation. Moss is an incredibly resilient and versatile plant. Wring out the sphagnum moss before applying to plants. Moss doesn’t actually have a root system or seeds like most garden plants do, so propagating moss is a matter of art more than one of science. - the plant you want to propagate - a sharp knife - Sphagnum moss (should be available at garden centres) - a piece of (preferably transparent) plastic foil (an old plastic bag will do fine) (about 30x30 cm) - string - a piece of thin, hard plastic (I used a piece of a plant tag, a piece of a plastic bottle or yoghurt tub or something similar would work just as well. Step 2: Place moist sphagnum moss around the cut and secure it with plastic. Otherwise, this can block the sunlight that is critical for the propagation of the sphagnum moss. Be sure that it will cover the moss but not too heavy and dense. 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